Photograph by Kola Sulaimon/AFP by way of Getty Photographs
The toll of the coronavirus pandemic on bodily well being and lives worldwide is gigantic. However the illness and the lockdown measures have had an affect on psychological well being too.
A number of the psychological well being points which were reported because of COVID-19 embody anxiousness, despair, anger, confusion, insomnia, post-traumatic issues, boredom, loneliness and adjustment issues.
The phases of COVID-19 lockdown in Nigeria spanned between early Might 2020 and the top of July 2020. Motion was restricted throughout this era. Regularly, lockdown was eased however a curfew of 8pm to 6am was launched throughout main cities within the nation to curtail the unfold of the virus.
So far as we knew, no earlier analysis had examined the affect of socio-demographic traits on psychological well being amongst Nigerians throughout COVID-19 lockdown. So we got down to research the consequences of a few of these variables on profitable coping, stress and shallowness.
The findings about which classes of individuals struggled most with their psychological well being underneath lockdown might inform interventions to verify their wants are met.
Demographic variables and elements of psychological well being
The socio-demographic variables that we thought-about within the research have been gender, marital standing, faith, ethnic group, training attainment and employment standing. The aspects of psychological well being we checked out have been coping, stress and shallowness.
We collected info for the research by way of a web-based questionnaire throughout Nigeria. Many of the 353 folks, aged 18 to 65, who responded have been from the southwestern components of the nation, and so they had entry to good telephones and social media.
This implies the findings might not symbolize folks from decrease earnings teams or different geopolitical areas of the nation. Most of our respondents (63%) have been males and most have been from the three main ethnic teams in Nigeria: Yoruba, Igbo and Hausa.
The questionnaire requested respondents whether or not they agreed or disagreed with or have been undecided about 12 statements referring to their psychological well being. These have been statements reminiscent of “I lose a lot sleep over fear”, “I’ve been feeling sad and depressed” and “I’ve been shedding confidence in myself”.
Who adjusted higher and in what methods
We discovered that totally different classes of individuals reported psychological impacts in the course of the COVID-19 lockdown. The Yoruba ethnic group, within the southwest area of Nigeria, adjusted higher to the scenario than different ethnic teams. The Igbo folks, within the southeast area, weren’t that nervous when in comparison with different ethnic teams. However the Yoruba had extra optimistic views of themselves than different ethnic teams did.
The accessibility of high quality psychological healthcare companies differs by area, which is why we regarded ethnicity as related in our investigation.
We additionally analysed instructional attainments. We discovered that people who had attained postgraduate training adjusted higher and had a extra optimistic view of themselves in comparison with others. We discovered that individuals who had accomplished secondary college appeared to fret much less throughout this era. Those that have been self-employed in Nigeria have been in a position to alter nicely, whereas the unemployed have been extra nervous and had poor views of themselves.
Married folks adjusted nicely; they have been much less nervous and had extra optimistic views of themselves than the single. The married ladies coped higher than married males. The one males adjusted higher than single ladies.
By way of employment standing, wage earners have been much less nervous and had extra optimistic views of themselves than the self-employed or unemployed. Self-employed males adjusted higher to the scenario than each women and men who earned salaries, in addition to unemployed women and men and self-employed ladies.
Self-employed singles have been extra anxious than unemployed married and single folks, single or married wage earners, and married self-employed people.
Usually, our analysis findings led to some attention-grabbing revelations. We discovered that women and men suffered psychological well being issues in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic – which contradicts findings from research carried out elsewhere. In keeping with different research, people’ psychological well being differed based mostly on their marital standing, training and employment standing.
As Nigeria continues to battle with the challenges of COVID-19, it’s value noting that the classes of people who’re most vulnerable to psychological issues underneath these circumstances are the single, the unemployed, the much less educated and people from the northern components of the nation. These folks ought to obtain due consideration in intervention programmes.
Dr Abiodun Musbau Lawal doesn’t work for, seek the advice of, personal shares in or obtain funding from any firm or group that might profit from this text, and has disclosed no related affiliations past their educational appointment.