A nationwide survey on drug use in Nigeria revealed in 2019 reveals that about 14.3 million Nigerians between 15 and 65 years have used psychoactive substances for non-medical functions. One out of each 4 drug customers is a lady.
We performed analysis on using medication amongst ladies farmers in Adamawa State, north east Nigeria. These ladies are concerned within the cultivation of meals crops corresponding to maize, beans and rice.
We needed to search out out in the event that they used medication in a bid to reinforce their farming livelihood practices. We additionally needed to grasp the implications for well being and their relationships locally.
We used knowledge collected from interviews and observations with 50 individuals who included farmers, enterprise women and men concerned in agricultural enterprise, civil servants in addition to artisans and unemployed younger folks. One clear statement that emerged was that extra ladies had been turning into the family breadwinners and that this meant that they had been underneath a variety of strain.
To have the ability to face up to the stress of farming and to assist enhance their productiveness, some used psychotropic stimulants. These change nervous system perform and end in alterations in notion, temper, consciousness, cognition or behaviour. Essentially the most used substances had been hashish and tramadol as a consequence of affordability and availability.
The research really helpful that the federal government of Adamawa State ought to set up a rehabilitation centre for addicts within the state. We additionally really helpful that every one stakeholders ought to give empowerment of ladies within the state severe consideration.
Farming in Adamawa State
Over 60% of farmers in Adamawa State are ladies. They work on the land as house owners or as employed assist. Some are each: they personal land and will also be employed to work on one other particular person’s farm.
There are a number of causes that girls try and earn a dwelling off the land. One is rising poverty. The 2019 report on Poverty and Inequality in Nigeria launched by the Nationwide Bureau of Statistics confirmed that over 75% of the inhabitants of Adamawa State was poor.
The state was solely higher than Sokoto State (87.73%), Taraba State (87.72%), Jigawa State (87.02%) and Ebonyi (79.76%). Essentially the most affected demographic group is ladies. One of many methods they cope with poverty is to tackle farming actions, to feed their households.
The usage of substance abuse will not be new within the space. An increase in drug and substance abuse was a significant cause for the enactment of Adamawa State Unclassified (Native Substance) Abuse Regulation in 2015. Sadly, the legislation has not led to the meant discount in substance abuse.
What we discovered
Girls within the analysis group performed interviews with ladies farmers and drug sellers.
They requested basic inquiries to discover why ladies had been concerned in farming moderately than different methods of creating a dwelling. The interviewers additionally requested why respondents had been concerned in use of medicine.
Questions had been additionally requested about what sort of medication or substances had been used and what impact these had.
Over 60% of respondents stated that drug use amongst feminine farmers in Adamawa State was a standard phenomenon. About 36% didn’t share this view.
Solely 4 of these we interviewed would discuss their use of medicine and substances.
One lady farmer who answered these questions stated:
We’re human beings. Regardless of how robust we’re, we nonetheless get drained whereas working particularly when it’s a tedious and strenuous work like farming. We have to take one thing (like medication or substances) to forestall fast tiredness and get our work completed promptly.
Whereas there will likely be well being and social penalties of drug use amongst these ladies farmers, it is vitally troublesome to trace this. It’s because knowledge, particularly on psychological and psychological misery, are typically not accessible in Adamawa State.
We really helpful the institution of a rehabilitation centre by the State authorities would go a good distance in serving to people who find themselves hooked on medication. Adamawa State legislation prohibiting drug habit and recommending institution of a rehabilitation centre was handed in 2015. This legislation has come into operation, however the rehabilitation centre has but to be established.
Additionally it is really helpful that girls be empowered by coaching them in vocational abilities and setting them up in small scale companies. That is crucial as a result of ladies have turn out to be robust financial brokers within the state.
Saheed Babajide Owonikoko doesn’t work for, seek the advice of, personal shares in or obtain funding from any firm or organisation that will profit from this text, and has disclosed no related affiliations past their tutorial appointment.